Vaqif Mustafazadə

Bu gün dahi musiqiçi, görkəmli bəstəkar, pianoçu, “Muğam-Cazz” istiqamətinin yaradıçısı – caz musiqisinin banisi Vaqif Mustafazadənin anadan olan günüdür.

Həyatı:

16 mart 1940-ci ildə Bakı şəhərində anadan olmuşdur.

1963-cü ildə Asəf Zeynallı adına Bakı Dövlət Musiqi məktəbini bitirmişdir.

1964-cü ildən “Orero” ansamblına, “Qafqaz” caz üçlüyünə, “Leyli” və “Sevil” qadın vokal instrumental və “Muğam” instrumental ansambllarına rəhbərlik etmişdir. Beynəlxalq caz müsabiqələri və festivallarının (“Tallin-66”, “Tbilisi-78”, Monte-Karlo) laureatı olmuşdur.

Fortepiano və simfonik orkestr üçün konsertin, “Muğam” simfoniyasının (tamamlanmamış), bir sıra caz kompozisiyalarının və pyeslərin müəllifidir.

O, 16 dekabr 1979-cu ildə Daşkənddə qastrol zamanı ürək tutmasından vəfat etmişdir. Bakıda dəfn olunmuşdur.

Tərzi:

Vaqif Mustafazadə Azərbaycan caz musiqisinin banisi və yeni caz fikrinin (devizinin) təsisçisidir. O, Azərbaycan musiqisinin, muğamın klassik Amerikan caz musiqisi ilə sintezini yaratmışdır. Onun yeni devizi Caz-Muğam adlanır. O, Azərbaycan Muğam Caz Hərəkatının memarıdır. Onun həyat yoldaşı Eliza Mustafazadə Azərbaycanın peşəkar caz-muğam tərzində oxuyan ilk qadınıdır.

Yaradıcılığı:

1965-ci ildə Gürcüstan Dövlət Filarmoniyasında “Qafqaz” adlı trio yaradır.
1970-ci ildə “Leyli” vokal kvartetini yaradır.
1971-ci ildən 1977-ci ilə kimi “Sevil” vokal-instrumental qrupuna başçılıq edir.
1977-ci ildən 1979-cu ilə kimi “Muğam” instrumental qrupuna başçılıq edərək “Tallin-66” və “Tbilisi-78” caz festivallarının laureatı olmuşdur.
1978-ci ildə Monakoda keçirilən 8-ci Beynəlxalq Caz Festivalında “Əzizəni gözləyirəm” musiqisinə görə birincilik mükafatı almışdır.
1979-cu ildə Azərbaycanın əməkdar incəsənət xadimi adına layiq görülmüşdür.
1982-ci ildə artıq ölümündən sonra Azərbaycan Dövlət Mükafatına layiq görülmüşdür. O, forte-piano konsertlərinin, “Muğam” simfoniyası və başqa forte-piano şedevrlərinin müəllifidir.

Vakif Aziz oğlu Mustafaze (Azebaycan: Vaqif Əziz oğlu Mustafazadə; 16 Mart 1940 – 16 Aralık 1979), Azerbaycanlı besteci, piyanist, caz-muğam türünün kurucusu. Azerbaycan’ın en önemli sanatçılarındandır.

Yaşamı :

16 Mart 1940 yılında Bakü’de doğdu. 1963 yılında Bakü Asaf Zeynallı Devlet Müzik Yüksek Okulu’ndan mezun oldu. 1964 yılından “Orero” topluluğunda, “Qavqaz” caz üçlüsüne, “Leyla” ve “Sevil” kadın vokal enstrümantal ve muğam enstrümantal topluluklarına yöneticilik etmiştir. Uluslararası caz yarışmaları ve festivallerinin (“Tallin-66”, “Tbilisi-78”, Monte-Carlo) kazananı olmuştur. Fortepiano ve senfonik orkestra için konserin, muğam semfonisinin (tamamlanmamış), bir takım caz kompozisyonlarının ve piyeslerinin yazarıdır.

Ölümü :

Mustafazade, 16 Aralık 1979 tarihinde Taşkent’te turne sırasında kalp krizi geçirerek yaşamını yitirmiştir. Bakü’de toprağa verilmiştir.

Vagif Mustafazadeh (born March, 1940), also known as Vagif Mustafa Zadeh, was an Azerbaijani jazz pianist and composer, acclaimed for fusing jazz and traditional Azerbaijani folk music known as mugham. According to many world famous jazz musicians,[citation needed] Mustafazadeh is one of the pioneers and “the architect of jazz in Azerbaijan”.

Mustafazadeh was born in Old City, the historical core of the Baku, on March 16, 1940. His name was chosen by the renowned poet, Samed Vurgun, on the request of his mother, who was a piano teacher in local music school and played very influential and immeasurable role in his success.

In 1963, he graduated from Baku State Musical School named after Asaf Zeynally and a year later accepted to Azerbaijan State Conservatoire. He first achieved fame at the Music School where he studied by giving concerts there, later on performing at the parties and evenings held at the universities and clubs, shortly after he became one of the most influential musical performers in Azerbaijan. While performing at the clubs, he mainly played classical jazz, as well as blues and dance music.

Popularity and recognitionFrom the 1960’s, prohibitions put on jazz music were gradually lifted and thus the late 1960s and 70’s became a time when Baku was a real center of locally inspired jazz. By this time, Mustafazade was making his way to his audience and his popularity grew. His name was often mentioned among other jazz musicians and he participated in festivals held in his native land, as well as in and outside the Soviet countries. Since making a strong impression in his early years at college, his music progressed and popularity grew; he appeared in many festivals.

In 1966, Willis Conover, conductor of the “Jazz Time” radio program, even went as far as to say, “Vagif Mustafazadeh is an extraordinary pianist. It is impossible to identify his equal. He is the most lyrical pianist I have ever known.”

In 1965, he quit the conservatoire and went to Tbilisi to lead the “Orero” musical ensemble. Later he created the “Qafqaz” jazz trio at Georgian State Philarmony. In 1970 the “Leyli” women’s quartet and in 1971 “Sevil” vocal-instrumental ensemble were assembled by him. Until 1977 he guided the groups. Between 1977-1979 until his death he led the “Mugham” instrumental ensemble which was also organized by him. He won first prize at the 8th International Competition of Jazz Composers for his composition “Waiting for Aziza” in Monaco in 1978, but died the next year.Vagif attended “Tallinn-66” All-Soviet Union Jazz Festival and “Caz-69” Azerbaijani jazz festivals and was awarded as laureate there. Mustafazadeh was also elected as laureate at Donetsk All-Soviet Union Jazz Festival held in 1977. He was elected as the best pianist in “Tbilisi-78”. He won the first prize at the 8th International Competition of Jazz Composers for his composition “Waiting for Aziza” in Monaco in 1978 and awarded with white grand piano. Vagif Mustafazadeh is assigned Honored Artist of Azerbaijan SSR and after his death Azerbaijani State Prize.

Jazz mugham:

Mustafazadeh is the founder of Azerbaijani jazz mugham movement that emerged in the late 60’s and 70’s in Baku, as a result of the mixture of these two styles. He began searching for new ways to structure his improvisations by exploring modal music. More innovative approaches were taken by him and its influence stretched into later developments of this style.

Death :

Mustafazadeh died of heart-attack shortly after a concert in Tashkent and also shortly before the birthdays of his wife (December 17) and daughter (December 19).

Legacy:

His works and performance were praised by internationally known leading world musicians, such as Willis Connover and B.B. King. Once when King shared the same stage with Mustafazade, he heard him playing the blues piano and said nobody could play the blues like him and afterwards said to Vagif that “people call me the king of the blues, but if I could play the piano like you do, I would call myself God.”

More than three decades since Mustafazade’s passing, a larger number of his recordings from all periods of his career are more widely available in stores than at any time during his lifetime. His works are broadcast and listened to every day and are honored in TV and radios.

About Çetin Bayramoğlu

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